Supreme Court strikes out suit challenging Section 84(12) of Electoral Act


The Supreme Court on Friday struck out a suit filed by President Muhammad Buhari and Attorney-General of the Federation, Abubakar Malami, voiding the provisions of Section 84 (12) of the Electoral Act 2022.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that Buhari and Malami had filed a suit on April 29 before the apex court through a group of private lawyers, including Lateef Fagbemi, SAN.

A seven-member bench of the Supreme Court, led by Musa Dattijo-Muhammad, unanimously struck out the suit, describing it as an abuse of court process.

Justice Aokmaye Agim, who delivered the lead judgement, held that the president, having earlier assented to section 84 (12) of the Electoral Act 2022, cannot turn around to approach the court to strike it down.

“There is no provision in the constitution that vests the president the power to challenge the constitutionaility or desirability of a legislation after he has assented or denied his assent. In this case, the president gave his assent,” Mr Agim ruled.

He added that the request by Buhari to the National Assembly to delete the provision amounted to constitutional violation.

“The president has no power to request or compel the national assembly to amend any part of the Act of the National Assembly in which he has participated in its making.

”This suit cannot be entertained by this court under Section 1(1) (a) of the Additional Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court Act. “

Other members of the panel consented to the lead judgement. They are Dattijo-Muhammad, John Okoro, Amina Augie, Lawal Garba and Ibrahim Saulawa.

NAN reports that the National Assembly is listed as the sole defendant in the suit.

Buhari and Malami argued that Section 84 (12) of the Electoral (Amendment) Act, 2022 is inconsistent with the provisions of sections 42, 65, 66, 106, 107, 131, 137, 147, 151, 177, 182, 192 and 196 of the Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, (as amended), as well Article 2 of the African Charter on Human and People and Peoples Rights.

They are seeking an order of the court to strike out the section of the Act, which they said was inconsistent with the nation’s constitution


The clause reads, “No political appointee at any level shall be a voting delegate or be voted for at the convention or congress of any political party for the purpose of the nomination of candidates for any election.”

In March, both chambers of the National Assembly rejected the President’s request to amend the clause in the electoral act.

Subsequently, the Attorney-General boasted that the Nigerian government would consider all other options available before taking a position on the matter.

In the suit marked SC/CV/504/2022, Buhari and Malami are seeking an order of the court to strike out the section of the Act, which they said was inconsistent with the nation’s constitution.

The National Assembly,however, asked the Supreme Court of Nigeria to strike out the suit instituted by Buhari and Malami (SAN) over Section 84 (12) of the Electoral (Amendment) Act, 2022.

President Buhari had on Feb. 25, signed the electoral bill into law with a caveat that the section should be deleted in order to deepen democracy in the country.

But the National Assembly in March threw out the President’s request and insisted that serving political appointees must resign before contesting elections.

Malami, who also opposed the lawmakers’ decision, vowed that the Nigerian government would explore other means, including the court to ensure the provision that he claimed offended other sections of the constitution, was expunged from the amended Act.  (NAN)