Nigeria could rank 13th among world’s top 20 economies by 2050, says PwC report



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(Press Release) Nigeria has the potential to be the fastest growing economy among the world’s top 20 economies from now to 2050, according to the latest World in 2050 report published by PwC’s macroeconomics team.

With a projected GDP of nearly US$4 trillion by 2050 and an annual average real GDP growth rate of around 6%, as well as a youthful and growing working population, Nigeria is projected to rank 13th among the world’s largest economies by 2050 if it can realise its full potential. The full report, World in 2050 The BRICs and Beyond: Prospects, challenges and opportunities, is available at http://www.pwc.com/world2050

According to the report, a growing, prime working age population, together with rising average rates of schooling and technological progress, drive Nigeria’s strong growth prospects. However, the report’s projections rely on the country using its oil wealth to develop a broader-based economy with better infrastructure and institutions (e.g., as regards rule of law and political governance) which will support long term productivity growth.

Andrew S. Nevin, a partner with PwC Nigeria, said: “Nigeria’s projections for population, education levels and technological progress are very strong. Nigeria lags behind with regard to its investment rate, however. Productivity is lower in Nigeria due to weaker infrastructure and institutions, as well as an over-reliance on oil revenues. By investing in these areas and diversifying its economy, Nigeria can realise its full potential by 2050.

“Over the past decade, the private sector has played an enormously positive role in sectors like telecoms, retail, and financial services in Nigeria and throughout Africa. For Nigeria to realise its potential, it is going to require governments at the state and federal levels to play their role in fostering the right type of environment, including improvements in the rule of law, greater transparency and strengthening of the health and education systems, and enabling the development of key sectors, with power being the most important. Many strides have been made in this regard and they need to keep coming.”

John Hawksworth, PwC Chief Economist and co-author of the report, said: “The shift in the global economic centre of gravity is clear. The E7 could overtake the G7 before 2020, and by 2050 China, the US and India could be by far the largest economies – with a big gap to Brazil in fourth place, ahead of Japan. By the same time, Russia, Mexico and Indonesia could be bigger than Germany or the UK; Turkey could overtake Italy; and Nigeria could rise up the league table, as could Vietnam and South Africa in the longer term. There are huge opportunities for Western companies in the emerging markets – but also great competitive challenges from fast-growing emerging market companies. Governments also face huge challenges, not least in relation to global warming as a result of this rapid pace of economic development.”

The report lists growth estimates as driven by: Growth in the labour force, as proxied by UN projections for working age population; Growth in the quality of labour which is assumed to be related to current and projected average education levels in the workforce; Growth in the physical capital stock, which is determined by new capital investment less depreciation of the existing capital stock; and technological progress, which drives improvements in total factor productivity.

The table below illustrates the changing league positions in world GDP at PPPs – selected countries are marked in bold to highlight notable changes in rankings over time.

 

Actual and projected top 20 economies ranked based on GDP in PPP terms

 

2011

2030

2050

PPP rank

Country

GDP at PPP

(2011 US$bn)

Country

Projected GDP at PPP (2011 US$bn)

Country

Projected GDP at PPP (2011 US$bn)

1

US

15094

China

30634

China

53856

2

China

11347

US

23376

US

37998

3

India

4531

India

13716

India

34704

4

Japan

4381

Japan

5842

Brazil

8825

5

Germany

3221

Russia

5308

Japan

8065

6

Russia

3031

Brazil

4685

Russia

8013

7

Brazil

2305

Germany

4118

Mexico

7409

8

France

2303

Mexico

3662

Indonesia

6346

9

UK

2287

UK

3499

Germany

5822

10

Italy

1979

France

3427

France

5714

11

Mexico

1761

Indonesia

2912

UK

5598

12

Spain

1512

Turkey

2760

Turkey

5032

13

South Korea

1504

Italy

2629

Nigeria

3964

14

Canada

1398

Korea

2454

Italy

3867

15

Turkey

1243

Spain

2327

Spain

3612

16

Indonesia

1131

Canada

2148

Canada

3549

17

Australia

893

Saudi Arabia

1582

South Korea

3545

18

Poland

813

Australia

1535

Saudi Arabia

3090

19

Argentina

720

Poland

1415

Vietnam

2715

20

Saudi Arabia

686

Argentina

1407

Argentina

2620

Source: World Bank estimates for 2011, PwC estimates for 2030 and 2050

 


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