By Cecilia Ologunagba
According to the bureau, the states received a total of N178.04 billion while local governments received N133.83 billion.
The sum of N649.19 billion was disbursed to the three tiers of government in January, 2019 from the revenue generated in December, 2018.
The report said that amount disbursed comprised N547.46 billion from the Statutory Account, N100.76 billion from Valued Added Tax (VAT) and N976.53 million exchange gain differences.
The sum of N45.36 billion was shared among the oil producing states as 13 per cent derivation fund.
Revenue generating agencies such as Nigeria Customs Service (NCS), Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) and Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR) received N4.69 billion, N4.04 billion and N8.04 billion respectively as cost of revenue collections.
Further breakdown of revenue allocation distribution to the Federal Government revealed that the sum of N216.57 billion was disbursed to the Federal Government consolidated revenue account.
In addition, the sum of N4.81billion was disbursed as share of derivation and ecology and N2.43 billion as stabilisation fund.
Also, the sum of N8.15 billion was shared for the development of natural resources and N5.82 billion to the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja.
The Nigerian government financial system operates a structure where funds flow to the three systems of government from what is termed the FEDERATION ACCOUNT.
The Federation Account serves as the central pocket through which the Governments – Federal, States, and Local Governments – fund developmental projects as well as maintain their respective workforce.
The flow of revenue into the Federation Account includes oil revenues and related taxes, revenues generated from the NCS trade facilitation activities, company income tax (CIT), any sale of national assets, surplus and dividends from States Owned Enterprises.
Fundamentally, there are two components of the revenue allocation formula used for the disbursement of the Federation Account to the three tiers of government.
These are Vertical Allocation Formula and Horizontal Allocation Formula. (NAN)